Spots on the skin of the face: discover the causes and the most effective remedies to eliminate them
Unsightly white, red or brown spots may appear on the skin of the face, which may be more or less dark. Let's find out how we can distinguish the different types of spots and the most frequent causes of this very common imperfection among women (but also among men).
The sun is one of the most frequent causes. Find out how to lighten these annoying skin spots!
Prolonged exposure to the sun: solar lentigo
This type of stain is caused by excessive exposure to the sun. It is easily recognizable and its color ranges from dark yellow to light brown. Sunspots appear in the points of the body most exposed to the sun and therefore never in hidden areas. Melanin is our natural screen that can protect our skin from UV rays. But just prolonged exposure altering its production can lead to hyperpigmentation!
Sunspots on the face and skin: creams and remedies to eliminate them
White spots on the skin: all causes and remedies
Facial skin spots: the most common types and how to treat them
Aging: when time is to blame
Skin aging is the first cause of spots on the face and hands. Obviously aging is inevitable because time cannot be stopped, but there are many factors that can accelerate it, certainly including smoke, exposure to wind and smog and solar radiation. These factors, together with advancing age, cause an irregular production of the melanin pigment and consequently the appearance of age spots, especially on the face and hands, and over time they can worsen the situation. The age spot is easily recognizable and unfortunately very evident. It has a brown color, rounded shape, and is usually quite dark as it is caused by deep hyperpigmentation of the skin layers. Eliminating it is particularly challenging, but not impossible.
Why do dark spots appear on the face?
Brown spots on the skin of the face derive from an alteration of the melanocytes, the cells in our body that are responsible for producing the melanic pigment. The right dose of melanin allows our body to tan… but when this balance is altered on our face, the melanin is no longer distributed evenly. Beyond the physical triggering cause, when melanocytes produce an altered amount of pigment, patches appear that may be lighter or darker, depending on the case, but which still represent a big problem for the aesthetic aspect.
Is the fault of the hormones? Melasma and chloasma
Certainly dark spots are among the most common signs of skin aging, but time is certainly not the only cause of this imperfection. There are spots that appear only at certain times such as pregnancy. This happens because the hormones are able to modify the production of the melanin pigment. Dark spots can appear when taking estrogen (yes, precisely those from the birth control pill) or in menopause as well as, of course, in pregnancy. In the latter case we speak of chloasma, or "pregnancy mask". These are numerous spots, gray or brown in color which, however, unlike age spots and sun spots, disappear spontaneously after childbirth.
Genetic and hereditary factors: the spots that tell our story
Freckles and freckles are due solely to genetic and hereditary factors. They are not a disease and certainly do not cause any disturbance. However, many people consider them a skin blemish and do everything they can to eliminate them. For many others, however, freckles and freckles are a unique and distinctive trait, to be loved and valued always.
From pathologies to the spot
Some diseases can also cause red or brown spots on the skin: dysfunction of the adrenal glands, anemia and acne. Other conditions such as vitiligo, pityriasis alba and pityriasis versicolor cause like white patches on the skin.
Irritation and contact spots
There are also some types of spots called irritation spots that are generated by the intake of certain types of drugs or contact with irritants, perfumes or cosmetics.
The best natural anti blemish remedies
In nature there are substances with depigmenting power that are used in cosmetics for their properties. Among these products we find, for example, licorice, which manages to block the exaggerated production of melanin, green tea and chamomile. Even bearberry manages to inhibit melanocytes: its extract is in fact widely used by cosmetic companies!
Cosmetics with lightening and depigmenting action
There are so many cosmetic treatments on the market that can reduce blemishes
they can appear on the skin of the face. These are products that promote cell renewal and lighten dark spots. Many of these contain acids (kojic or glycolic for example) as functional ingredients.
An example is REVITALIFT LASER X3 AMPOLLE PEELING EFFECT by L’Oréal Paris, a concentrated formula with 10% pure glycolic acid that penetrates into the most superficial layers of the skin to combat dark spots, smoothing it, illuminating it and reducing dark spots.
The single-dose ampoule format is perfect for preserving its properties. Just one application is enough, to be included in your evening skin care, to see radiant and smooth skin.
After 7 applications, the skin will appear renewed, brighter, smoothed wrinkles and lightened dark spots. We also recommend that you complete the routine by applying the Laser X3 cream with SPF20 the following morning, since glycolic acid could make your skin more sensitive to the sun. A little consistency and the results will not be long in coming!
© L "Oréal
When cosmetics are not enough
If cosmetics are not enough to eliminate facial skin spots, a series of dermo-aesthetic treatments that are particularly effective come to your aid as they remove more or less the superficial layers of the skin, in order to completely eliminate the altered skin areas. . There are different types, clearly you will have to evaluate together with your dermatologist the most suitable treatment for your case.
- Laser treatments
- Chemical peels
If you are thinking of undergoing one of these treatments, we remind you that they must only be carried out by doctors specializing in this area and not by improvised facilities or beauty centers.
The professor. Antonio Di Pietro, founder and scientific director of the Vita-Cutis Dermoclinical Institute in Milan, has written several books on the subject of skin blemishes and has conducted avant-garde studies on the subject.
The importance of prevention
Intervening on stains is important but even more so is to prevent new ones from appearing thanks to preventive strategies. A good habit is to always use (and not just in summer!) Cosmetics with high protection from UV rays. Never forget sunscreen: radiation is present every day of the year!
In collaboration with L'Oréal Paris